Tare (spring), pea seed (Vicia sativa L.)
Tare (spring), pea seed (Vicia sativa L.) - a herbaceous annual plant, shortly pubescent or almost glabrous, 20-80 (100) cm tall. Stems ascending, climbing, almost erect or prostrate, sometimes branched from the base. Leaflets (2) 4-8 (9) pairs, obovate, oblong, wedge-shaped and linear, truncate, with a small notch. Stipules semisagittate, slightly toothed, with nectar spot. Antennae usually branched.
PEAS - PISUM SATIVUM and PISUM ARVENSE
Peas are cultivated as food and fodder plant. From dry seeds of soups, purees. Pea flour mixed with flour of cereals and baked bread. The protein content of 22-30%. In the immature pods of peas vegetables 25-30% sugar, vitamins (A, B1, B2, C). Green peas and vegetable varieties of peas are widely used in the canning industry. Seeds of peas, green mass and straw - a high-quality animal feed.
In the wild buckwheat is not found. Motherland - Central Asia, where it is introduced into a culture over 4,000 years ago. In Russia cultivated with I-II century AD. In Western Europe, buckwheat came later, only in XV-XVI centuries.
Technology of cultivation of broad beans broad beans cultivation technology
technology of cultivation of fodder legumes is relatively complicated and not very expensive. They are a little demanding on its predecessors, while they themselves are fine for most crops. As a main use of tillage or digging deep plowing. In a production environment is recommended for winter snow retention spring harrowing, and just before sowing cultivation, sowing at the same time produce conventional seed drills coupled to rollers. p>
NUT, or garbanzo beans - CICER ARIETINUM
Use. In the food used mainly belosemennye class soups, porridges, but have to cook much longer than lentils, and peas. The roasted seeds taste similar to nuts. In seeds of 20-29% protein, 4-7% fat, 50-60% carbohydrates. In the stems and leaves of this culture has a significant amount of oxalic and malic acids, which does not use straw and green material for animal feed, except for sheep.
Barley is used for multiple purposes: as a concentrated feed for cattle, for the production of cereals (barley and barley) for brewery, bakery, in the alcohol industry. Barley is used for the production of malt extract, barley coffee.
SOYBEAN - GLYCINE HISPIDA
Soybeans - the most common legumes of world importance. The seeds contain an average of 36-42% of valuable protein, consisting of a small amount of globulin and albumin, 19-22% poluvysyhayuschego oil and 30% carbohydrates. The protein is highly digestible, high solubility in water. 1 kg of soybean seeds with 320-450 g protein, 21 g lysine, 4.8 g methionine, 5.3 g cystine and 4.9 g of tryptophan.
Broad beans (Vicia faba) - one of the promising crops in ecological agriculture.
Broad beans - an annual herbaceous plant of the legume family, which forms an upright leafy stems well (up to 2 m) and a strong root system. In general, it is cold-resistant plant that can grow at low temperatures. Easily tolerate freezing to -8 ° C. With respect to moisture and soil fertility is also not special requirements.
Annual herb grass family. Rye is grown in many countries, but it is unknown in the wild. P>
The main forage crops. A. Grain contains (in%): 9-19,5 protein, starch, 21-55, 7-24, fiber, ash 2,9-5,7, fat, 2-11, vitamins. Processed to its cereals, flour and other oat straw, green material, especially in mixtures with legumes (vetch, peas), hay and silage fed to animals.
Basic principles of green manure crops.
Sowing of green manure can be a spring and fall with the main crop before planting and after harvesting. Spring - thick, were to the wall, fall less often. In general, green manure crops can be grown throughout the season. In the early spring planting, when the snow just came down, pick up fast-cold-resistant plants - mustard, forage peas and oats.
Prepare soil for planting green manure.
The easiest way every year in early May, sow or plant in different parts of the garden maturing crops: peas, lettuce, fennel, potatoes early, cauliflower, radishes, turnips. Once the crop is removed, embedded in the soil plant remains, carefully smooth the surface with a rake and sow green manure, after making a bucket to weave desyatilitrovoe NPK. On acid soils make lime 0.3-0.5 kg per 1 m2 and fill it with a rake to a depth of 5-7 cm if the soil is dry - always pour from a hose with a shower nozzle. Seeds sown haphazardly, sealed with a rake, sprinkle the ground or dropwise. In two weeks there will be shoots.
Vetch-oat mixture is used as a so-called "green manure" because of what and belongs to a group of plants - green manure. Green manure, sow seed or planting between the yield of crops (vegetable farm types, which aims economy as a whole).