In the wild buckwheat is not found. Motherland - Central Asia, where it is introduced into a culture over 4,000 years ago. In Russia cultivated with I-II century AD. In Western Europe, buckwheat came later, only in XV-XVI centuries.
Buckwheat - one of the best cereals. In buckwheat groats (Unground) contains up to 18% easily digestible protein, more appropriate than the proteins of cereals. Buckwheat proteins contain 18 amino acids, of which 8 - irreplaceable, these amino acids are not synthesized in the body. The biological value of buckwheat protein is close to the protein of cow's milk and eggs. In the rump contains up to 62% carbohydrates, comprising digestible sugars. The fat in the rump (3%) are resistant to oxidation. The amount of fiber in the dry grain 3.5%, germination increased to 4, 4%. Calorie 335kkal.
Buckwheat seeds are rich in micro-and macro. Contain potassium (380mg/100g), calcium, phosphorus (220-330mg/100g), magnesium (78-218mg/100g), manganese (1.59 mg/100 g), as well as boron, cobalt, silicon, vanadium, chromium, iron (8mg/100g), copper, zinc (2.05 mg/100 g), molybdenum, and a large number of selenium (8.3 mg/100g). The composition of the seeds are organic acids - malic and citric. It contains vitamins B1, B2, B3, B6, E, rutin, small amounts of vitamin K and carotene. The amount of vitamin C increases during germination from 1.49 to 17.32 mg/100g mg/100g. The total content of water-soluble antioxidants increases during germination in two and a half times, reaching the fifth day 383mg/100g.
Due to its properties of buckwheat sprouts are recommended for the prevention and treatment of various vascular diseases (atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease, hypertension) and infectious diseases that occur with damage to the vascular system (measles, scarlet fever, sore throat, typhus). Also, to reduce intraocular pressure in simple glaucoma in the pathology of venous (varicose veins, thrombophlebitis, hemorrhoids). It is useful to add to their diet in the treatment of radiation sickness, liver and kidney diseases, obesity, diabetes, recurrent and chronic bronchitis, thyroid disorders, neurological disorders, bleeding from the nose and gums, with a large blood loss and severe cold.
Sprouts are seeds from fresh seed (so-called green buckwheat), with which the dark filmy membrane removed carefully so that the embryos of seeds are not damaged. From the usual cereals (Unground), which is used to make porridge, sprouts can not be obtained, since the seeds in its production are subjected to heat treatment. Embryos die at the same time, the seeds lose some useful features.
Seeds germinate within a day, to keep in the refrigerator. Buckwheat sprouts are very soft, almost insipid. They can be added to milk products, mix with any cold dishes like sweet and salted.